Biological: Sustainable Agriculture
In 2009 we started a more respectful agriculture, approaching with great strides to biological.
Today we can finally talk about organic farming itself: we are certified BIO (the certifying body that is following us is BIOAGRICERT).
Respect for the earth is something fundamental for a normal farmer aware that after him other people continue the work that he has inherited from the previous generation.
In recent decades many farmers loose direct contact farmer - land for many reasons, the biggest I think it depended on a disruptive power of the chemical industry that has invaded the countryside with sellers in a white coat who dazed and disoriented us peasants.
It is now clear to all that is typical of a wine, the taste of the soil, which can only lead to an added value of the product obtained and it is equally clear that the additions of chemicals that affect taste, for better or worse, but the amends and lose the primitive character given by the earth, from the area, from the denomination.
And 'for this reason that we came to Capezzana agricultural practices that were not in normal use many decades back. It is not a return to prehistoric times but only in a different awareness, more "down to earth".
Among these farming practices found we can mention the "green manure" that is, the seeding of legumes in alternate rows in our vineyards. The leguminous plants have the characteristic of natural fix nitrogen to the soil as well as having also the function to make the organic substance once the cycle nitrogen fixation.
The practice of planting a row alternating in a row not working allows us to pass in the row "hard" for all routine work such as copper plating, the stone clearance, the collection of pruning residues and other. Note that these mechanical work are performed by tractors increasingly read to try to compacting the least possible land, the land compacted loses the ability to rake oxygen and water easily becoming poor in microorganisms and desert.
Green manure must be sown immediately after harvest to allow root development early, before the winter cold. Just so you are sure to get, on the roots, rhizomes those who count the bacteria nitrogen fixers. The rhizomes appear as growths, the rounded bulges attached to the root system. The best time for mowing green manure is to bloom, go further may result in absorption of nitrogen so desired by the same legume that would use it for the production of seed, for its natural search of the breed.
No chemical fertilizers and therefore no herbicides, obviously. To overcome the action of the latter we have resumed the use of the spool-remover interceps, or of that tool mechanic attached to the tractor, which enters and exits between the screw and screw (generally is a small coulter but can also be a blade), a slow and precision that must be performed by operators careful and not furious, worth cutting the stump of the screws. Sure that cleaning is not complete as the one carried out with the poisonous weed but a bit of grass is bearable and bears no damage.
Also from 2009, it pays great attention not to pollute the earth with plastic debris. Especially during pruning, or when harvests a vineyard, is brutally instinctive the drop the plastic ties on the ground, those green laces called "tube agriculture" that serve to tie the vine to the wire of the back, need to take on screw. For two years, in fact, these residues are collected by workers who are placing them in a cloth bag that hold around her neck, when the bag is full the spill in a lot larger place in the header of the vineyard, once full the bag is great brought to the central building and conferred in the collection. And 'stunning volumes that it is, at the end of year are pounds and pounds of indestructible plastic removed from fertile land.
For what concerns the treatment by the foliage of the vineyards, these are executed with the use of only sulfur or wettable powder and copper sulfate. No product of synthesis may be used and even insecticides which are not of biological origin and approved by the certification. However we believe even dangerous use of these insecticides approved organic because they are not selective and tend to also kill beneficial insects, those that antagonists of harmful ones, primarily the grape moth: we are convinced that the normal fight natural is sufficient to maintain an acceptable level of eventual damage by insects.
For the olive tree we only use copper and lime only if you detect an attack of considerable oil fly, so we constantly monitor the cycle of the fly, attacking the olive fly traps and checking their catch: according to the number of catches we realize it if the copper plating must be done or not. Therefore we do not use the most dangerous Rogor, the specific poison that many farmers, little wiser, continue to use.
As a final consideration can be said that with this method of farming SIMPLE you have less hassle and consciousness is much more quiet, sure not the best but do not do irreparable damage, certain to leave to those who will follow us, what we found. Certain to leave land still fertile and not a mountain of plastic poisoned and barren.
In this paper we have never spoken of "integrated pest management" because it is absurd and loser departing talk of "fighting" against nature. Nature is too strong for us. Better to speak of "respect integrated".
Vittorio Contini Bonacossi